Hover Travel and you will Bee Travel Kinds Diversity

Hover Travel and you will Bee Travel Kinds Diversity

Bee Species Diversity

Out-of 2009 in order to 2018, 192 bee kinds (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) were caught inside the Calanques National Park thru each other websites and you may dish trap series. It belonged so you can half a dozen family members and you may 38 genera. Megachilidae are many species-rich family, with Apidae and you may Halictidae, with 53, 44, and 43 types, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 was new richest genus, which have 33 varieties, while 7 genera was portrayed because of the just one variety (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table step 1 [online merely] ). Using the jackknife step 1 and you may dos spiders, the entire bee types richness are projected to be ranging from ± nine.89 and you can ± . New noticed fullness hence represented 71.3 to 79.6% of one’s estimated bee richness ( Desk dos). The fresh Chao1 method estimated the new observed fullness become 76.8% of your possible restrict richness ( Table dos). Many abundant variety are Apis mellifera L. (276 somebody), followed closely by Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and 168 anybody, respectively), and you will Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 anybody). Eventually, fifty kinds (26%) have been portrayed by the singular individual https://datingranking.net/local-hookup/phoenix/ (singletons).

Environmental Attributes away from Bees

Concerning your ecological characteristics off nesting choices, i recognized 59 unmarried bee types nesting over floor, ninety-five solitary bee varieties nesting underground and you will 23 cleptoparasitic types, comparable to 29.eight, 47.nine, and you can several.0% of the complete bee varieties richness, respectively. I understood five social varieties (bumble bees and honey bees-2.1%). Finally, the latest nesting choices out-of fourteen types will always be not familiar (seven.3%- Supp Desk step 1 [on the internet just] ). Concerning your flowery diet regarding bee types, we unearthed that 105 variety (54.7%) foraged to the numerous plant variety (we.e., generalist types, polylectic) and you may 51 species (twenty-six.5%) foraged on a single bush family unit members or one/pair plant variety (i.elizabeth., pro kinds, oligolectic). Toward kept thirty-six bee varieties (18.8%), the newest floral diet plan wasn’t recognized (elizabeth.g., having cleptoparasitic varieties). However, extremely generalist species showed a choice for starters or several plant families ( Supp Desk step one [on line just] ). Towards the forty two singletons, fourteen bee types (28%) had been professionals, and you will 9 bee variety (18%) was cleptoparasitic ( Supp Desk 1 [on the web merely] ).

An IUCN condition is available for 178 variety (leaving out the brand new kinds buildings and unknown species). Some of those, 47 kinds was indeed classified once the analysis deficient (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 types had been the very least alarmed (LC-69.6%), half dozen varieties was indeed near endangered (NT-3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you may L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and something varieties are felt threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Desk step one [on the internet only] ). Three oligolectic varieties was basically one of many 7 threatened bee species. An effective. ovatula and you can C. albomaculatus are professionals toward Fabaceae, D. argentata try a professional on Caprifoliaceae.

Out-of 2009 to help you 2018, 38 species of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) were caught when you look at the Calanques National Playground. They belonged to help you 24 genera ( Supp Dining table 2 [on the web simply] ). The essential plentiful genera was indeed Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 anybody), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 somebody), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville for the Latreille, 1828 (thirteen someone), whereas 20 varieties (53%) had been portrayed by singular personal ( Supp Dining table dos [on line just] ). The fresh bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was indeed illustrated because of the 20 varieties, including five singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table step 3 [on the internet just] ). This new quote out-of complete variety fullness regarding hover flies and you may bee flies is actually ranging from 83 and you will 97 types making use of the jackknife step 1 and 2 spiders, correspondingly. For that reason, new noticed fullness represented 59.8–69.9% of your projected hover travel and bee travel fullness ( Table 2).

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